Prostate Cancer Treatment in Bhubaneswar

Dr Neeta Verma is a leading urologist for prostate cancer treatment in Bhubaneswar. Prostate cancer which occurs in the prostate, is one of the most common cancers in men, with around one in eight men getting it in their lifetime.

Dr. Neeta Verma is an accomplished urologist in Bhubaneswar, having years of rich experience treating various urologic disorders and conditions in people of all ages.

She specializes in the latest surgical modalities such as laparoscopic and robotics and has received hands-on training and experience in the same.

She excels in reconstructive urology, endourology, and uro-oncology. You can visit her for consultation at Sunshine Hospital or Urology Care, a state-of-the-art prostate cancer treatment clinic in Bhubaneswar.

Continue reading for relevant information about prostate cancer's symptoms, causes, and treatment options.

Overview

Prostate cancer develops in the prostate, a part of the male reproductive system. It is a small walnut-shaped gland that produces seminal fluid.

You are more at risk of developing prostate cancer as you age. Generally, prostate cancers are slow-growing tumors confined to the prostate and need minimal or no treatment, whereas some can be aggressive and spread quickly.

What are the symptoms of prostate cancer?

https://www.gleneagles.com.sg/healthplus/article/understanding-prostate-cancer

Prostate cancer is called a silent killer as its signs and symptoms are detected in the advanced stage, which includes:

  • Erectile dysfunction
  • Bone pain
  • Trouble urinating
  • Weak flow of urine
  • Frequent urge to urinate
  • Blood in the semen
  • Blood in the urine
  • Sudden weight loss

If you have any of these symptoms, you should consult your doctor.

What are the risk factors for prostate cancer?

The factors that increase the risk of developing prostate cancer are:

  • Increasing age – Men above 50 are more prone to prostate cancer.

 

  • Family history – Your prostate cancer risk doubles if your father or brother is diagnosed with it.

 

  • Race – Africans are more at risk of having prostate cancer than other races. And also, the tumor is likely to be more aggressive.

 

  • Obesity – Overweight people are at a higher risk, and the cancer is supposed to be more aggressive and likely to return after the treatment.

How are andrology problems diagnosed?

The complications of prostate cancer include:

  • Metastasis – Cancer can spread to surrounding organs or travel to distant organs through the lymphatic system or bloodstream. Once the cancer has spread to other parts of the body, it can become difficult to treat.

 

  • Incontinence – Urinary incontinence may occur due to cancer or its treatment. Depending on the incontinence severity,

the doctor may recommend treatment options such as medications, surgery, or catheters.

 

  • Erectile dysfunction – It can result due to prostate cancer or its treatments that include radiation, surgery, or hormone therapy. There are treatments available to overcome erectile dysfunction, such as surgery, vacuum devices, and medications.

Dr. Neeta Verma, a highly experienced urologist in Bhubaneswar, is an expert in providing result-oriented incontinence and erectile dysfunction treatments.

How is prostate cancer diagnosed?

Prostate cancer screening is the best way to catch cancer in its early stage. You should start screening in your 50s or earlier if you are at risk.

The screening tests include:

  • Digital rectal exam
  • Prostate-specific antigen test

 

Suppose there is any abnormality detected in the screening. In that case, Dr. Neeta Verma, one of the best urologist in Bhubaneswar, will ask you to undergo more tests to verify if you have cancer or not. They include:

  • Ultrasound
  • MRI
  • Biopsy

 

If the result is positive, then the doctor will determine the stage of cancer and its level of aggressiveness with the help of:

  • Gleason score
  • Genomic testing
  • Bone scan
  • PET scan
  • CT scan

You will not have to undergo all the above tests. Your doctor will determine which tests are needed according to your case.

What are the options for prostate cancer treatment in Bhubaneswar?

 

 

 

Dr Neeta Verma, an expert prostate cancer surgeon in Bhubaneswar, will determine the options of your prostate cancer treatment depends on several factors such as how aggressive your cancer is, whether it has spread to other parts of your body, and your overall health.

 

Active surveillance

You may not require immediate treatment for low-grade prostate cancer. In such cases, doctors suggest active surveillance.

It means you will have to go for regular check-ups, rectal exams, blood tests, and biopsies to keep track of the development of your cancer.

If the cancer is growing, then your doctor may recommend surgery or radiation.

 

Surgery

There are many types of surgeries available, and the doctor will recommend the best option for you depending on the stage of cancer and your general health.

 

Radical prostatectomy

The doctor will remove the prostate surgically during radical prostatectomy. The procedure can be done using conventional open surgery or robot-assisted laparoscopic surgery.

In open surgery, the surgeon will make one long incision in your lower abdomen to remove the prostate. Nowadays, this approach is rarely used unless certain situation demands it.

In robot-assisted laparoscopic surgery, the doctor operates with the help of a surgical robot. The surgical instruments are inserted through several small incisions.

The surgeon guides and controls the robot while sitting in a console. This type of surgery provides the surgeon with magnified vision and unrivalled precision.

Compared to open surgery, patients undergoing a robotic-assisted radical prostatectomy typically have less pain due to smaller incisions, less blood loss, and shorter hospital stays.

Dr. Neeta Verma, a prostate cancer surgeon in Bhubaneswar, is well-versed in both the surgical modality.

 

Radiation therapy

Radiation therapy uses high-energy beams to damage the cancer cells and stop them from growing and spreading to other parts of the body.

Radiation can be either given from outside your body through external beam radiation or by placing radioactive sources in your prostate tissues, called brachytherapy.

 

Hormone therapy

Hormone therapy prevents your body from making the male hormone testosterone which helps in the growth of prostate cancer cells. Cancer cells may die or develop more slowly if their testosterone supply is cut off.

This treatment is either done through medications or by surgically removing the testicles, which helps quickly and effectively reduce the testosterone level in your body.

 

Chemotherapy

Chemotherapy uses medicines to kill cancer cells. It can be given through your veins or pills. It is usually a treatment option for cancer that has spread or is not responding to hormone therapy.

 

Immunotherapy

Immunotherapy fights cancer by activating your immune system. Cancer cells create proteins that assist them in hiding from your body’s immune system, which fights disease. Immunotherapy works by disrupting this process.

 

Targeted therapy

Targeted therapy targets and blocks specific abnormalities in the cancer cells, thereby killing them. It is used to fight advanced cancer or recurrent prostate cancer.

It works only in certain cancer cells which has specific genetic mutations.

Frequently Asked Questions

The following steps may minimize your risk of prostate cancer:

  • Quit smoking
  • Exercise regularly
  • Maintain a healthy weight
  • Eat a balanced nutritious diet
  • Screen regularly for prostate cancer

The five-year survival rate for localized prostate cancer is around 97 to 98%. As for cancer that has spread outside the prostate, one-third of the men survive after five years.

The five-year survival rate for localized prostate cancer is around 97 to 98%. As for cancer that has spread outside the prostate, one-third of the men survive after five years.

You should visit your doctor if you experience the following:

  • Blood in the urine
  • Incontinence
  • Difficulty urinating
  • Pain while urinating
  • Pain during intercourse