Best Testicular Cancer Treatment in Bhubaneswar
Testicular cancer is quite rare and can affect males of all ages, but it is mainly found in men between 15 to 35 years of age. This type of cancer has an excellent cure rate if diagnosed and treated early.
Dr Neeta Verma is considered one of the best urologist in Bhubaneswar for comprehensive testicular cancer treatment. She is highly skilled in the latest surgical modalities and medical technology.
She has extensive experience treating complex urologic diseases and conditions such as prostate enlargement, kidney stones, male infertility, pediatric urological conditions, and cancer of the ureter, kidney, penis, bladder, adrenal glands, prostate, and testicles.
This article discusses the symptoms, risks, and options for testicular cancer treatment in Bhubaneswar.
Let’s begin by understanding what testicular cancer is.
Testicular cancer usually develops in one testicle, part of the male reproductive organs that produce testosterone and sperm.
Dr. Neeta Verma, a proficient urologist in Bhubaneswar, offers a range of treatments for a large number of medical problems and does Andrology Treatment Surgery in Bhubaneswar unique to men using the latest technology and surgical modality.
The testicles are found in the scrotum, a loose sac underneath the penis.
Testicular cancer is a serious health issue, just like all cancers. Thankfully, this cancer is curable and treatable even when it has metastasized.
Men are strongly advised to learn about early symptoms, conduct testicular self-examinations, and consult a doctor if they notice any unusual lumps, swelling, or pain in the area in order to detect this cancer early.
What are the symptoms of testicular cancer?
Some common symptoms of testicular cancer are:
- Discomfort or pain in the scrotum or testicle
- An enlargement or lump in the testicle
- Unexpected fluid build-up in the scrotum
- Feeling heavy in the scrotum
- Lingering pain in the groin or abdomen
- Tenderness or increase in the size of the breast
Do not become anxious if you see these symptoms because other ailments might also cause them.
To be certain, make an appointment with the urologist. Delay in detection allows cancer cells to grow and spread, making the condition more difficult to cure.
Dr Neeta Verma, a leading urologist in Bhubaneswar, is proficient in diagnosing and treating testicular cancer. You can visit her for consultation at Sunshine Hospital or her clinic, Urology Care.
What are the risk factors for testicular cancer?
Dr. Neeta Verma, an experienced urologist in Bhubaneswar, explains that the following factors can increase your risk of developing testicular cancer:
- Family history: You are at a higher risk if your father or brother has testicular cancer.
- Age: Testicular cancer usually affects men in the age group of 15 to 35 years.
- Abnormal development of testicles: Your risk of testicular cancer may increase if you have conditions such as Klinefelter syndrome, which causes the testicles to develop improperly.
- Undescended testicles: Testicles typically develop in the fetus’s abdomen during pregnancy and slide into the scrotum before birth. Testicles that don’t descend are referred to as undescended testicles and may need surgery. Even if you undergo surgery, being born with this issue may raise your risk of developing testicular cancer.
- Race: White men are more prone to getting testicular cancer than black men.
How is testicular cancer diagnosed?
Sometimes men discover testicular cancer while self-examining, or at other times it is detected during routine examination by the doctor.
During the consultation, Dr. Neeta Verma, one of the most sought-after urologist for testicular cancer treatment in Bhubaneswar, will conduct a physical exam and ask about your symptoms and family history.
She may also ask you to undergo a few tests to confirm the lump is cancerous.
- Serum tumor marker test
- X-rays, MRI, and CT scan
If the tests show signs of malignancy, then your doctor will recommend inguinal orchiectomy and biopsy. The urologist will remove the affected testicles through an incision in your groin.
The testicle will then be analyzed to check whether the lump was cancerous, and if positive, it will help determine the type of cancer.
Types of testicular cancer
In order to identify the type of testicular cancer, the specialist will examine your surgically removed testicle. Your treatment and prognosis are based on your testicular cancer type. There are typically two types of testicular cancer:
Seminoma: This type of testicular cancer is less aggressive and slow-growing and usually affects people above 40 years.
Non-seminoma: They mostly affect people aged 15 to 35 and grow and spread quickly. There are different non-seminoma tumors, such as yolk sac carcinoma, teratoma, embryonal carcinoma, and choriocarcinoma.
The next step after confirming the diagnosis is staging cancer, as the treatment options will rely on it. To do so, your doctor will ask you to undergo blood tests and a CT scan.
What are the treatment options for testicular cancer?
The testicular cancer treatment in Bhubaneswar depends on the type and stage of cancer, your health, and your treatment preferences.
Mostly, surgery is the primary treatment option for testicular cancer. Dr Neeta Verma, a highly competent urologist in Bhubaneswar, will remove the malignant testicle and, if need be, remove your lymph nodes.
Radical inguinal orchiectomy: Your urologist may perform an orchiectomy to treat testicular cancer. The procedure involves removing the affected testicle through an incision in your groin. Further, to stop cancer from spreading to the rest of your body, the surgeon will seal off your lymphatic tissue and blood vessels.
Retroperitoneal lymph node dissection: The urologist may remove the lymph nodes near the major blood vessels behind the abdomen depending on the stage and type of your cancer during orchiectomy or in a separate procedure.
Discussing the treatment options with your doctor is crucial because not everyone with testicular cancer requires the removal of lymph nodes.
Retroperitoneal lymph node dissection is an intricate and lengthy procedure. The lymph nodes are typically removed through open surgery or laparoscopic surgery.
However, it is strongly recommended that you get this operation done by a surgeon who is experienced in retroperitoneal lymph node dissection and frequently performs it.
Dr. Neeta Verma is considered one of the best urologist in Bhubaneswar for this procedure.
In order to kill cancer cells or stop their growth, radiation therapy uses beams of high-energy rays or particles. It also helps prevent cancer from returning after the surgery. However, it is generally reserved for treating seminomas.
In chemotherapy, cancer cells are killed using medications. Chemotherapy medications circulate throughout your body, killing cancer cells that may have spread from the initial tumor.
You might merely receive chemotherapy, or it might be suggested before or after having surgery to remove your lymph nodes.
Frequently Asked Questions
Chemotherapy can cause infertility in some cases, and even the removal of lymph nodes may make it harder to ejaculate. So before starting treatment, have a conversation with your doctor to clear your doubts and remember you can preserve your sperm for future use.
Testicular cancer has a great outlook. More than 95% of patients with this type of cancer respond favorably to treatment. There is a 50% chance of recovery for those with unfavorable risk factors.
Following orchiectomy, there will be swelling for a few weeks in your scrotum. You can resume most of your daily activities within 2-3 weeks, but avoid lifting heavy objects or strenuous activities. Further, avoid having sex till the surgical site heals.
Men’s health is the focus of the medical specialty known as andrology. Issues with the male reproductive system are the focus of andrology. Andrology specifically addresses male infertility issues.