Kidney Stone Treatment in Bhubaneswar
Kidney stones are quite common, with around one in ten people getting them in their lifetime. They develop inside your kidney and are made up of salts and minerals that cannot dissolve in your urine.
Kidney stones can be painful if they get lodged in the urinary tract, and you may need surgery to remove them. Dr. Neeta Verma is one of the best urologist in Bhubaneswar for kidney stone treatment.
She is highly qualified and has extensive expertise in managing and treating urinary system conditions and disorders such as prostate enlargement, incontinence, UTI treatment, tumors, kidney stone, etc.
This page discusses the symptoms, causes, types, and options for kidney stone treatment in Bhubaneswar.
First, let’s begin with
What are kidney stones?
When your body is not making enough urine, and there are high levels of salts and minerals in your urine, kidney stones can form.
These stones can get bigger and fill the hollow structure of your kidney. They vary in size and can become as large as a golf ball.
Sometimes these stones can move down the ureter and reach the bladder from where they are passed out of the body. However, if the stone gets stuck in the ureter, it will block the urine flow and cause pain.
In such cases, drinking lots of water help pass the stone. But if they are stuck in the urinary tract and causing infection or complications, you may need surgery.
Dr. Neeta Verma is an experienced kidney stone doctor in Bhubaneswar, well-versed with advanced surgical options for removing kidney stones. She also provides preventive treatments to reduce your risk of developing them again. Visit Dr. Neeta for Best Kidney Stone Treatment in Bhubaneswar .
What are the symptoms of kidney stones?
Basically, there are no symptoms of kidney stones unless they become too big or start moving. If the kidney stone blocks the urine flow, the kidney will swell, and there will be spasms in the ureter, leading to excruciating pain. This will cause symptoms such as:
• Sharp pain in the sides and groin region
• Passing less quantity of urine
• Frequent urge to pass urine
• Itching and burning sensation while passing urine
• Blood in the urine
• Pus in the urine
• Nausea and vomiting
• Chills and fever in case of infection
What are the causes of kidney stones?
According to Dr. Neeta Verma, one of the best urologist in Bhubaneswar, you are more at risk of getting a kidney stone if you:
• Do not drink more water
• Have had kidney stones before
• Are overweight
• Have a family history of kidney stones
• Have polycystic kidney disease
• Consume a diet rich in sodium, protein, and sugar
• Have a blockage in your urinary tract
• Have undergone weight loss surgery or intestine or stomach surgery
• Have gout, diabetes, high blood pressure, or osteoporosis
• Have chronic diarrhea, or inflammatory bowel disease
• Take certain medications
What are the different types of kidney stones?
Knowing the type of kidney stone you have helps in determining its cause and how to minimize the risk of it recurring. Different types of kidney stones are:
• Calcium stones – It is the most common kidney stone made up of calcium oxalate. Metabolic disorders, high doses of vitamin D, dietary factors, and intestinal bypass surgery can increase oxalate and calcium levels in the urine.
• Uric acid stones – These stones are mostly found in men than women. It occurs in people who have diabetes or metabolic syndrome. It also develops in people who suffer from malabsorption or chronic diarrhea.
• Struvite stones – These kidney stones are formed in people having urinary tract infections. Struvite stones form quickly and grow quite big without any signs and symptoms.
• Cystine stones – They develop in people having cystinuria, which is a hereditary disorder. This condition makes the kidney secrete a specific type of amino acid in excess.
How is a kidney stone diagnosed?
During your consultation, Dr. Neeta Verma, a proficient urologist in Bhubaneswar, will discuss your medical history and ask you to undergo a few tests, which may include:
• Blood test
• Urine test
• Imaging such as ultrasound or CT scan
• Analysis of the passed kidney stones
What are the different options for kidney stone treatment in Bhubaneswar?
Treatment for small stones with minor symptoms
Generally, you will not require invasive treatment for small kidney stones. To help them pass quickly, the doctor may ask you to drink more water and provide a pain reliever.
Furthermore, they may prescribe medications such as alpha-blockers to relax your ureter muscles, helping the kidney stone pass easily , without much pain.
Treatment for large stones or ones that cause symptoms
Dr. Neeta Verma, a highly experienced urologist in Bhubaneswar, may recommend more-extensive treatment for kidney stones that are too big to pass on their own or are causing symptoms such as infection, bleeding, or kidney damage.
The doctor will use this procedure to remove smaller kidney stones. She will pass the ureteroscope, a thin, flexible, lighted tube with a camera via the urethra and bladder into your ureter.
The special tools will either snare the stone or break it into small pieces that can pass in your urine. A stent may be placed in your ureter to reduce swelling and help it heal.
Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL)
You will have to lie on a special surgical bed during this procedure. High-energy shockwaves will break kidney stones into small pieces that can easily exit your body.
Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL)
PCNL is a surgical procedure to remove very large stones from the kidney. The surgeon will insert tiny instruments and telescopes into your kidney through a small cut in your back. The stone is broken up with the ultrasound probe and suctioned out. For this procedure, you will have to stay in the hospital for a day or two.
Dr. Neeta Verma is considered one of the best urologist in Bhubaneswar for this procedure.
Ways to prevent kidney stones in future
You are at a greater risk of developing kidney stones in the future if you already had one. Following these steps may prevent the formation of kidney stones:
- Drink enough water daily
- Minimize the consumption of sugar
- Have a low-salt diet
- Eat plenty of vegetables and fruits
- Be careful with calcium supplements
- Limit animal protein
Frequently Asked Questions
The pain will subside within a few days, but if it persists for more than a week, please show the doctor. There may be another blockage.
It will depend on the size and location of the kidney stone. If a large stone gets lodged in your ureter, it will cause pressure build-up. This can result in renal failure.
Yes, even children can get kidney stones, but it is less common than in adults.
Urinary incontinence, or urine leakage, is a very common problem. One in every two women experiences urinary leakage as a result of childbirth.
Many women believe they are alone in their urinary leakage problems, but this is not so. Almost half of all women suffer from urinary incontinence.
You cannot prevent all urinary system problems. However, you can reduce your risk of certain conditions by leading a healthy lifestyle. This includes maintaining a healthy weight, specific dietary changes, exercising frequently, avoiding tobacco, and monitoring your caffeine and alcohol intake.
severe, acute discomfort below the ribcage in the side and back, groyne and lower abdominal pain that spreads, wave-like pain with varying levels of severity, When urinating, there may be pain or burning.