Kidney Cancer Treatment in Bhubaneswar
Dr. Neeta Verma is a leading urologist for kidney cancer treatment in Bhubaneswar. Also called renal cancer, it starts in the kidneys, which are bean-shaped organs in your abdomen on either side of your backbone. Their primary function is to remove the waste from your blood and produce urine.
Kidney cancer occurs when the healthy cells multiply rapidly, forming a tumor. The cancerous tumor can spread to other parts of the body.
Though the incidence of kidney cancer is increasing, the good news is the death rates from it are decreasing. It is due to early detection and advanced treatments.
Dr. Neeta Verma, one of the best urologist in Bhubaneswar, is an expert in comprehensively treating kidney cancer. She is well-versed with the latest surgical modalities, such as robotic uro-oncology, laparoscopy, endourology, and reconstructive urology.
You can consult the highly experienced and dedicated urologist in Bhubaneswar at Urology Care or Sunshine Hospital.
Read on for detailed information about kidney cancer's symptoms, causes, and treatment options.
What are the symptoms of kidney cancer?
The symptoms are usually absent in the early stage when the tumour is still small. As the stage advances, you may notice symptoms such as:
- Constant pain on the sides or back
- Unexplained weight loss
- Blood in your urine
- Loss of appetite
- A lump in your abdomen or side
If you have any of the above symptoms, get them checked by your doctor.
What are the causes of kidney cancer?
There is no known cause of kidney cancer. However, some risk factors could raise your risk of developing the condition, such as:
- High blood pressure
- Family history of kidney cancer
- Being on dialysis for a long period
- Older age
- Having kidney stones
- Using non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs for a long time
- Exposure to certain toxins such as asbestos, herbicides, cadmium, or organic solvents
- Being a male
- Having genetic conditions such as Von Hippel-Lindau, tuberous sclerosis complex, etc.
How is kidney cancer diagnosed?
During the consultation, Dr Neeta Verma, a proficient urologist in Bhubaneswar, will conduct a thorough physical exam and review your medical history.
She may also request one or more diagnostic tests that can aid in the detection of cancer, like:
- Complete blood count
- Renal angiography
- Blood chemistry tests
- Intravenous pyelogram
- CT scan
If the cancer is diagnosed, your doctor may ask you to undergo more tests to see whether the cancer has spread inside the affected kidney, the other kidney, or other body parts. Cancer is said to have metastasized when it extends beyond the site of its primary growth. The tests include:
- Bone scan
- Chest x-ray
- Chest CT scan
- PET scan
The doctor stages kidney cancer based on the results of these tests.
What are the stages of kidney cancer?
Staging kidney cancer is necessary as it helps determine the tumor’s size, its present location, and whether cancer has spread. Depending on all these factors, Dr. Neeta Verma will determine the options for your kidney cancer treatment in Bhubaneswar.
According to the following criteria, kidney cancer is staged:
Stage 1: The tumour is localized to the kidney and is less than 7 cm.
Stage 2: At this stage, the tumour may have progressed to the kidney’s fat or tissues or may be larger than 7 cm in one kidney. Lymph nodes or other organs have not been affected by it.
Stage 3: The tumor has reached the major blood vessels or the nearby lymph nodes or tissues surrounding the kidney.
Stage 4: Cancer has spread outside the body to distant lymph nodes, adrenal glands, or other body parts.
What are the treatment options for kidney cancer?
There are several options available for kidney cancer treatment in Bhubaneswar. Surgery is mostly the first line of treatment as the aim is to remove the tumour from the body.
However, even if the entire tumour is removed during surgery, your doctor might advise additional treatments to eliminate cancer cells that are still present but not visible.
As for metastatic kidney cancer, Dr Neeta Verma, an expert urologist in Bhubaneswar, recommends further treatments like radiation, immunotherapy, and targeted therapy, as it is not possible to treat it with surgery alone.
Depending on the stage of your cancer, Dr. Neeta Verma may suggest the following surgeries:
Radical nephrectomy: During this procedure, the surgeon will remove the kidney, surrounding tissues, and adrenal gland. Even the nearby lymph nodes are mostly removed.
Radical nephrectomy is a standard procedure for kidney cancer and can be done through small incisions using a laparoscope. Dr. Neeta Verma is one of the best urologist in Bhubaneswar for minimally invasive surgery.
Simple nephrectomy: Here, the surgeon will only remove the kidney.
Partial nephrectomy: This procedure is done when the tumor is less than 4 cm, or radical nephrectomy may damage the other kidney. It involves removing cancer along with the surrounding tissues.
It is possible to survive with only one working kidney. However, if both kidneys are removed or are not working, you will need dialysis or a kidney transplant.
Your doctor may advise an alternative approach to eliminate the tumor if a surgical option is not possible, such as:
Radiofrequency ablation: High-energy radio current is passed through the cancer cells using a needle to destroy them.
Cryotherapy: The cancer cells are frozen using cold gas to eliminate them.
Arterial embolization: In order to prevent the blood from reaching the tumor, material is inserted into the artery going to the kidney. This helps shrink the tumor before surgery.
Drugs are used to kill cancer cells or prevent them from multiplying in chemotherapy. It targets cancer cells all over the body and is often used to treat metastasized kidney cancer.
Radiation uses high-energy waves to damage or kill cancer cells. It also prevents cancer from growing and metastasizing. Generally, radiation is used after the procedure to eliminate the remaining cancer cells. It is a localized treatment focusing on a specific body part.
Doctors use targeted therapy to block specific properties that help cancer cells grow. They prevent the development of new blood vessels that carry nutrients to the tumor.
Targeted therapy is usually used when surgery is impossible, or after the procedure to prevent cancer from returning.
Immunotherapy is a precise treatment that stimulates and restores your body’s immune system to identify and fight cancer cells.
Frequently Asked Questions
Renal cell carcinoma is the most common kidney cancer, which accounts for 85% of all kidney cancers. It grows as a single tumour but can affect both kidneys.
After total or partial nephrectomy, take proper care and have your medications on time. Eat a healthy diet, do regular exercise, and go for regular follow-up appointments.
In the following cases, be sure to get in touch with the doctor immediately:
- The incision site is red, swollen, and has pus oozing out.
- You have difficulty in passing urine or bowel movement.
- Have breathing issues, or sudden chest pain
- There is bleeding from the incision site